Violence Against Women: A Site Dedicated to Providing Information and Resources for Health Care Providers & Survivors of Violence against Women Violence against Women
A site dedicated to providing information and resources for health care providers as well as survivors of violence

Health Care Providers > Sexual Assault > Medical Opinion

Providing an opinion after examining a case of sexual assault

Drafting of provisional opinion should be done immediately after examination of the survivor on the basis of history and findings of detailed clinical examination of the survivor.


The provisional opinion must, in brief, mention relevant aspects of the history of sexual violence, clinical findings and samples which are sent for analysis to FSL. An inference must be drawn in the opinion, correlating the history and clinical findings.


This manual offers some scenarios about ways to draft a provisional and final opinion. However, this list is not exhaustive and readers are advised to form provisional opinions based on the facts and findings in each case.

It should be always kept in mind that; Normal examination findings neither refute nor confirm the forceful sexual intercourse. Hence circumstantial/other evidence may please be taken into consideration.

Absence of injuries or negative laboratory results may be due to:

a.    Inability of survivor to offer resistance to the assailant because of intoxication or threats

b.    Delay in reporting for examination

c.    Activities such as urinating, washing, bathing, changing clothes or douching which may lead to loss of evidence

d.    Use of condom/vasectomy or diseases of vas

This reasoning must be mentioned while formulating the opinion.


Events | News Updates | Forum | Contact Us Violence Against Women: A Site Dedicated to Providing Information and Resources for Health Care Providers & Survivors of Violence against Women Violence against Women CEHAT is a research centre of Anusandhan Trust. We are involved in research, training, service and advocacy on a variety of public health issues. © 2017 CEHAT. All Rights Reserved - Website Design and Development by Wordcraft. This website is best viewed at Screen Resolution 800x600 and Text Size Medium, IE 5+